"Christ instituted the sacraments of the new law. There are seven: Baptism, Confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony. The seven sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of Christian life: they give birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian's life of faith. There is thus a certain resemblance between the stages of natural life and the stages of the spiritual life." -Catechism of the Catholic Church 1210
There are three sacraments of Christian initiation: Baptism, Eucharist, and Confirmation; two sacraments of Healing: Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick; and two sacraments at the service of Communion and the Mission of the Faithful: Marriage and Holy Orders. "This order, while not the only one possible, does allow one to see that the sacraments form an organic whole in which each particular sacrament has its own vital place. In this organic whole, the Eucharist occupies a unique place as the "Sacrament of sacraments": "all the other sacraments are ordered to it as to their end." -Catechism of the Catholic Church - 121
The right to receive each sacrament is balanced by the responsibility of being properly prepared to receive it.